[REFERENCE] Lucien van der Walt, 2012, “Thibedi, T.W. (1888-1960)” in ‘Dictionary of African Biography’

Lucien van der Walt, 2012, "Thibedi, T.W. (1888-1960)", Henry Louis Gates and Emmanuel Akyeampong (eds.), Dictionary of African Biography, Oxford University Press, pp. 13-14. Get the PDF here.  

[REFERENCE]: van der Walt, Ulrich, Hyslop, Bezuidenhout etal 2009, “(Transnational) Workers’ Movements”

Philip Bonner, Jonathan Hyslop, Lucien van der Walt, Nicole Ulrich and Andries Bezuidenhout, 2009, “Workers’ Movements”, Akira Iriye and Pierre-Yves Saunier (eds.), The Palgrave Dictionary of Transnational History, Palgrave Macmillan, London, New York, pp. 1121-1128. PDF is here, and the full text follows the abstract ABSTRACT: Overviews the movements and struggles of the popular classes … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: van der Walt, Ulrich, Hyslop, Bezuidenhout etal 2009, “(Transnational) Workers’ Movements”

[REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Anarchism and syndicalism, Southern Africa”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Anarchism and syndicalism, Southern Africa”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, pp. 147-155. Get the PDF here     Anarchism and syndicalism, Southern Africa   Lucien van der Walt   p. 147 Anarchism, and particularly its syndicalist variant, played an important role in early labor and socialist … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Anarchism and syndicalism, Southern Africa”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

[REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Plaatje, Solomon Tshekisho (1876–1932)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Plaatje, Solomon Tshekisho (1876–1932)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, online edition Get the PDF here   Plaatje, Solomon Tshekisho (1876 –1932) Lucien van der Walt Solomon Tshekisho “Sol” Plaatje was an African intellectual, publisher, and prominent early nation- alist. Like many other early African leaders, he … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Plaatje, Solomon Tshekisho (1876–1932)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

[REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Kadalie, Clements (ca. 1896–1951)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Kadalie, Clements (ca. 1896–1951)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, online edition Get the PDF here   Kadalie, Clements (ca. 1896 –1951) Lucien van der Walt Born in or just before 1896 at Chifira village near the Bandawe mission station in Nyasaland (now Malawi) to a chiefly … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Kadalie, Clements (ca. 1896–1951)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

[REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Barayi, Elijah (1930–1994)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Barayi, Elijah (1930–1994)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, p. 349 Get the PDF here   Barayi, Elijah (1930 –1994) Lucien van der Walt p. 349 Born in Lingelihle in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, Barayi joined the Youth League of the African National Congress (ANC) in … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Barayi, Elijah (1930–1994)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

[REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Bain, J. T. (1860–1919)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Bain, J. T. (1860–1919)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, pp. 331-332 Get the PDF here   Bain, J. T. (1860 –1919) Lucien van der Walt p. 331 Born in Dundee, Scotland to a working-class family in 1860, J. T. Bain ( James Thomas Bain, Jimmy Bain) … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Bain, J. T. (1860–1919)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

[REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Kotane, Moses (1905 –1978)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Kotane, Moses (1905 –1978)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, online edition Get the PDF here   Kotane, Moses (1905 –1978) Lucien van der Walt Moses Kotane was a South African communist and nationalist credited with uniting the Com- munist Party of South Africa (CPSA) at a … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Kotane, Moses (1905 –1978)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

[REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Sachs, Solly (1900–1976)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Sachs, Solly (1900–1976)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, pp. 2948-2949 Get the PDF here   Sachs, Solly (1900 –1976) Lucien van der Walt p. 2948 Born Emil Solomon Sachs in Kamaai, Lithuania, Solly Sachs immigrated with his family to Johannesburg, South Africa, in 1914. Along with … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Sachs, Solly (1900–1976)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

[REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Xuma, Alfred Bitini (1893 –1962)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Xuma, Alfred Bitini (1893 –1962)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, online edition Get the PDF here   Xuma, Alfred Bitini (1893 –1962) Lucien van der Walt Alfred Bitini “A. B.” Xuma was a leading African nationalist in South Africa in the 1940s. Born to a Christian … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Xuma, Alfred Bitini (1893 –1962)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

[REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Motsoaledi, Elias (1924–1994)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Motsoaledi, Elias (1924–1994)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, pp. 2345–2346 Get the PDF here   Motsoaledi, Elias (1924 –1994) Lucien van der Walt p. 2345 Elias Motsoaledi was born in Sekhukhuneland, South Africa, in 1924, the third of eight children. Coming to Johannesburg for work at … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Motsoaledi, Elias (1924–1994)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

[REFERENCE]: Nicole Ulrich, Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Simons, Ray Alexander (1913-2004”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

Nicole Ulrich and Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Simons, Ray Alexander (1913-2004)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, pp. 3039–3040 Get the PDF here   Simons, Ray Alexander (1913 – 2004) Nicole Ulrich and Lucien van der Walt p. 3039 Ray Alexander Simons was born Rachel Esther Alexandrowitch in Latvia in 1913. … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: Nicole Ulrich, Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “Simons, Ray Alexander (1913-2004”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

[REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2010, “Andrews, William Henry “Bill” (1870–1950)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest ONLINE EDITION

Lucien van der Walt, 2010, "Andrews, William Henry “Bill” (1870–1950)", International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, ONLINE EDITION Get the PDF here   TEXT below Cite this article: van der Walt, Lucien. "Andrews, William Henry “Bill” (1870–1950)." The International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest. Ness, Immanuel (ed). Blackwell Publishing, 2009. Blackwell Reference … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: Lucien van der Walt, 2010, “Andrews, William Henry “Bill” (1870–1950)”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest ONLINE EDITION

[REFERENCE]: Nicole Ulrich, Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “South Africa, labor movement”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest

Nicole Ulrich and Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “South Africa, labor movement”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, pp. 3090-3099 Get the PDF here South Africa, labor movement Nicole Ulrich and Lucien van der Walt p. 3090 The union movement in twentieth-century South Africa operated in a context in which capitalist relations … Continue reading [REFERENCE]: Nicole Ulrich, Lucien van der Walt, 2009, “South Africa, labor movement”, International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest